View Relations: An Exploratory Study on Between-View Meta-Visualizations


In this paper, we explore the potential of using visual representations to support people in managing, organizing, and understanding relations between multiple visualization views. Multiple views can help people understand different facets of data and data processing, and are a crucial part of data analysis particularly when it is done collaboratively. Both the growing use of multiple views and the increasing display sizes have amplified the need to explore how to better help people to understand the relations between many views. To improve our understanding of how to visualize view relations, we invited visualization and interaction designers to critique and sketch representations of view relations. The participants provided design critiques, and sketched their own relation representations. Our findings expand the range and palette of ways of visually linking visualization views and suggest new directions for designing view relation representations to better support analysis with multiple views.


Søren Knudsen, Sheelagh Carpendale. View Relations: An Exploratory Study on Between-View Meta-Visualizations. In Proceedings of the 9th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction: Game-Changing Design (NordiCHI). 2016. ACM. New York, NY, USA. Article 15, 10 pages.


Supplemental material

Static bitmap version of design scenes based on the version used in the study

Here are static bitmaps of the 7 design scenes used in the study:


Interactive design scenes

These were the 7 scenes used in the study:


A subset of participants’ sketches from the study sessions

Here are a subset of participants sketches which we observed during the study sessions: